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The national education system actively promotes myopia prevention and control, health education and physical exercise

    Since the outbreak of the New Coronary Pneumonia epidemic,various schools in various provinces(autonomous regions and municipalities)have postponed the start of school.During the epidemic situation,the national education system earnestly implemented the important speech of General Secretary Xi Jinping at the meeting to coordinate the promotion of the prevention and control of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic situation and economic and social development,in accordance with the relevant work of the Ministry of Education.The unified arrangement of"Notice of Arrangement"and"Recommendations for home-school students and parents throughout the country during the epidemic prevention and control period",while grasping the work of epidemic prevention and control,innovate ideas,take multiple measures and actively achieved initial results on the myopia prevention and control,health education and physical exercise of hundreds of millions of children and adolescents.

    In 2018,General Secretary Xi Jinping gave important instructions on students on myopia problem.Thereafter,The Ministry of Education and other seven eight departments jointly issued the"Implementation Plan for Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Children and Adolescents with Myopia",positive progress was made in the prevention and control of children and adolescents in various provinces(autonomous regions and municipalities).The upward trend of students'myopia rate is under initial control.During the epidemic,education departments around the country acted swiftly,urgently deploying teachers and students'home epidemic prevention,guiding the correct understanding of the epidemic,deploying home prevention and control strategies,strictly controlling the incidence of myopia,advocating healthy living,and focusing on the physical and mental growth of students.Guangdong,Zhejiang,Jilin,Yunnan,Guizhou,Shanghai,Inner Mongolia etc.Implement the Ministry of Education's deployment of the prevention and control of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic in the education system at the first time;Hebei,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Gansu,Hubei,Hainan,Xinjiang etc.Open online psychological assistance system.Hebei,Henan etc.Encourage students to exercise at home for one hour each day.Guangdong,Yunnan,and Liaoning actively guide students to carry out home physical exercise.Beijing fully does physical exercise mobilization for students during epidemic outbreaks.

    While grasping the prevention and control of epidemics in the national education system,the Ministry of Education requires that attention should be paid to the physical and mental health of adolescents in teaching,focusing on strengthening patriotism education,life education and mental health education,encouraging students to exercise,and ensuring that students learn at home,grow healthy.Provinces(autonomous regions and municipalities)actively implement the relevant requirements of the Ministry of Education for“Suspended Schools and Non-Stopped learning”,plan online education,and reduce the burden of students’eyes by ensuring strict control of the teaching duration,adhering to the“five educations”,and guiding pre-school education.Use healthy to take care of children's eyesight.Zhejiang,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Fujian,Hainan,Henan,and Guangxi issued notices to reduce the burden on students and guide students to protect their eyes scientifically by strictly controlling the length of online learning courses and scientifically guiding the use of electronic products;Guangdong,Shanxi,Hubei,Anhui,Shandong issued a notice,insisting on"five educations at the same time",incorporating home physical exercise,myopia prevention and control,and carrying out housework into online education,so as to combine online learning and myopia prevention and control;Tianjin,Shanxi,Ningxia innovation guide parents to participate with the help of games and audio,and guide children to live a healthy life and use eyes healthy during the epidemic.

    At the same time,provinces(autonomous regions and municipalities)make full use of the special situations of students'home life and learning during the epidemic,expand the educational carrier media,make good use of expert science resources,strengthen the prevention and control propaganda of myopia,and guide students to use their eyes scientifically.Tianjin,Shanghai,Zhejiang,Jiangsu,Hebei,Shanxi,and Heilongjiang guide students by issuing scientific eye care guidelines,home eye hygiene guidelines,myopia prevention and control science animation,myopia prevention and control science materials,and conducting myopia prevention and control knowledge quizzes.Online learning,prevention of myopia during epidemic at home.Various places have also taken various forms such as online interviews,special lectures,public welfare videos,short videos, work with the national comprehensive prevention and control of children and adolescent myopia experts and develop nearly 100 new media materials for myopia prevention and control,covering more than 30 million person-times.

    It is reported that in the next step,the Ministry of Education will further strengthen the prevention and control of children and adolescents'myopia at home,make full use of the national comprehensive prevention and control of children and adolescents myopia experts,various educational media platforms and other forces to guide the continued implementation of comprehensive prevention and control of children youth myopia requirements,systematically promote myopia prevention and control work,vigorously promote prevention and control knowledge,guide the scientific development of prevention and control,strengthen the scientific research on myopia prevention and control,strengthen the construction of ophthalmology optics and talent training,and protect the eye health of children and adolescents.

    During the epidemic,we will make full use of the empty period before the start of school,guide localities to revise their work plans,publicize the“Implementation Plan for Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Children and Adolescent Myopia”,and guide local education departments and scientific research institutions to strengthen the investigation of students’eye use and eye health during the epidemic.Focus to carry out propaganda and promotion of myopia prevention and control,integrate the concept of myopia prevention and control into online education,promote the implementation of online sports classes,labor classes and home sports homework and other educational content that is conducive to myopia prevention and control,and conduct timely the selection of the second batch of national comprehensive prevention and control of children and adolescent myopia experts.

    Source:"China Education News"